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A Bibliography of material available on agricultural practices in the Middle ages.

Source: Medieval Herbals and plant books

Aelfric Abbot of Eynsham Colloquy Nominum Herbarum 995.

Angelicus, Barthlomaeus .De Proprietatibus Rerum. 1399. ed. M. C. Seymour, Claredon Press, 1975, 2 vols. John Trevisa On the Properties of Things.

Bald and Cild "Leechbook of Bald and Cild" M.S. Royal 12 D., British Museum. in Leechdoms, Wortcunning, and Starcraft of Early England, Being a Collection of Documents…illustrating the history of science in this country before the Norman conquest. Vol II, collected and ed. by Oswald Cockayne, London, Rolls series 35, 1864.

Banckes, Richard .Banckes's Herbal. 1525. ed & transcribed into modern English with an introduction by Sanford V. Larkey & Thomas Pyles: New York, NY: Scholars' Facsimilies & Reprints 1941.

Barbarus, Apuleius "Herbarium Apuleii, British Meseum ms. 5294 ." in Leechdoms, Wortcunning, and Starcraft of Early England, Being a Collection of Documents…illustrating the history of science in this country before the Norman conquest. Vol I. collected and ed. by Oswald Cockayne, London, Rolls series 35, 1864.

Bassus, Cassianus .Geoponia. Translated by . T. Owen, London Printed by the author 1805-0806. Geoponia, a collection of agricultural literature, was compiled by Cassianus Bassus, at the end of the 6th or beginning of the 7th century. This compilation was revised about 950 by as unknown writer.

.Book of Simples. 1650.

Cole, William .Adam in Eden, or Nature's Paradise. London: J. Streater for Nathanial Brooke, 1657.

Cole, William The Art of`Simples. London: J. G for Nath, 1656.

Crescentius, Opus Ruralim Commodorum, Italian Edition, dell' Agricultura, Venice, 1495.

Crescenzi, Pietro de .De Agrievltvra. Venice: Matteo Capcass (di Codeca), 31, May 1495.

Culpeper, Nicholas .The English Physican Or an Astrologo-physical discourse of the Vulgar Herbs of this nation. Foulsham 1652, 1820.

Didaxeon, Peri "Peri Didaxeon" of Schools of Medicine' British Museum Harleian, ms 6258" in Leechdoms, Wortcunning, and Starcraft of Early England, Being a Collection of Documents…illustrating the history of science in this country before the Norman conquest. Vol III.collected and ed. by Oswald Cockayne, London, Rolls series 35, 1864.

Digby, Kenelm .The Closet of Sir Kenelm Digby Kt. Opened. 1650.

Dioscorides .The Greek Herbal of Dioscorides. Trans. John Goodyear 1655. Robert T. Gunther 1933, New York, NY: Hafner 1968.

Dodoens, Rembert .Medecijn van der stadt van Mechelen. Ghedruckt Tantwerpen by Jan vander Loe. trans lated by Henery Lyte London: G. Dewes 1578.

Firenzuola, Girolamo .??. 16th cent.

Fitz-Herbert, John .FitzHerberts booke of Husbandrie. London Edward White 1598. (rpt) ed Skeat, W. W. Englosh Dialect Society, 1882.

Gardner, Ion "The Feate of Gardeninge" 1440-1450. in "A Fifteenth Century Treatise on Gardening" Archaeologia, 54(1844)160-167.

Gerarde, John .The Herball or Generall Historie of Plantse. 1597. rpt 1633 edition Dover Press, 1975.

Googe, Barnaby .Foure bookes of husbandry, collected by M. Conradus Geresbachius, … conteyning the whole arte and trade of husbandry, with the antiquitie, and commendation thereof. Newly Englished and increased by Barnabe Googe esquire, London: Richard Watkins 1577. (Translation of Rei Rusticae Libri Quatuor by Conrad Heresbach, 1570).

Grosseteste, Robert .The Rules of Saint Robert, Walter of Henley's Husbandry together with an anonymous Husbandry, Seneschaucie, and Robert Grosseteste's Rules. the Transcripts and translations and glossary by Elizabeth Lamond, with an introduction by W. Cunningham. London and New York, NY: Longmans, Green & Co. 1890.

Guilbert, Philbert .The Charitable Physitian. Paris 1639.

Henley, Walter de The Mannor Farm by Francis Henry Cripps-Day, to which are added reprint facsimilies of the Boke of husbandry and English translation of the XIIIth century tract on husbandry by Walter of Henley, ascribed to Robert Grosseteste and printed by Wynkyn de Word, c. 1510, and the Booke of thrift, containing English translation of the same tract and of the anonymous XIIIth century tract Hosebonderie, by James Bellot, printed 1589. London, B. Quartich Ltd 1931.

Henley, Walter de .Walter of Henley's Husbandry together with an anonymous Husbandry, Seneschaucie, and Robert Grosseteste's Rules. the Transcripts and translations and glossary by Elizabeth Lamond…with an introduction by W. Cunningham. London and New York, NY: Longmans, Green & Co. 1890.

Hieronymus, Brunschwig .The vertuose boke of distyllacyon of the waters of all maner of herbes, with fygures of the styllatoryes, fyrst made and compyled by the thyrte yeres study and labor of …Master Jerom Bruynswyke and now newly translated out of Duyche into Englyssche. Imprinted at London by me Laurens Andrew 1527.

Hildegard of Bingen Causae et Curae., ed Paul Kaiser Leipzig: Teubner, 1903. (Also called Liber Composiae Medicinae).

Hildegard of Bingen Liber Simplicus Medicinae. (Also called Physica).

Hill, Thomas .The Gardeners Labyrinth. London: H Ballard, 1577.rpt Oxford University Press, 1987.

Hill, Thomas .The Proffitable Arte of Gardeninge. 1568.

Hill, Thomas A Tryeatyse Teaching Howe to Dress, Sowe, and Set a Garden. London 1563.

James I of Scotland, Kingis Quair, A. Lawson, ed., London, 1910.

John Gardener in Alicia Amherst, "A Fifteenth Century Treatise on Gardening by Mayster Ion Gardener," Archaeologia, LIV, part 1, 1894, 157-172.

Lacnunga "Liber medicinalis de virtutibus herbarum, Recipies from British Museum Harleian. 585" in Leechdoms, Wortcunning, and Starcraft of Early England, Being a Collection of Documents…illustrating the history of science in this country before the Norman conquest. collected and ed. by Oswald Cockayne, Vol III. London, Rolls series 35, 1864.

Lyte, Henery .Niew Herball or history of plants, translsation of Rembert Dodoens' s .Herbal. London: London :.G. Dewes, 1578.

Macer, Aemilius Floridus de Viribus Herbarum ed. G. Fisk, A Middle English Translation of Macer Floridus de Viribus Herbarum, Upsala,. 1949.

Macer, Aemilius .Of the Virtues of Herbs. London: 1629.

Magnus, Albert .The boke of Secretes of Albartus Magnus, of the vertues of herbes, stones, and certaine beastes. also a boke of the same author of the maruaylous things of the world and of certaine effectes caused of certayne beastes. London, Wyllyam Copland, 1525. rpt Michael R. Best and Frank H. Brightman ed. Oxford University Press 1974.

Magnus, Albert .The Secrets of Albertus Magnus, of the vertues of herbes, stones, and certaine beastes whereuuto [sic] is newly added a short discourse of the seuen planets gouerning the natiuities of children; also a book of the same author of the maruellous things of the world and of certaine effects caused by certaine beasts. London W. Jaggard 1617.

Neckham, Alexander .De Laudibus Divuviae Sapientiae 12th cent. Rolls Series, .

Neckham, Alexander .De Naturis Rerum 12th cent. Rolls Series, .

Neckham, Alexander .De Utensilibus 12th cent.

Palladius, Rutilius Taurus .The fourteen books of Palladius, Rutilius Taurus Æmilianus, On agriculture. Translated by . T. Owen, London, Printed for J. White 1807.

Palladius, Rutilius Taurus Æmilianus .On husbondrie. from the unique ms. of about 1420 A. D. in Colchester Castle, ed by Barton Lodge… with a ryme index ed. by Sidney J. H. Herrtage London, N Trübner & Co. 1873, 1879. Early English Text Society Original Series 52, 72.

Palladius, Rutilius Taurus The Middle English translation of Palladius .De re rustica. edited with critical and explanatory notes by Mark Liddell Berlin, E. Ebering 1896.

Parkinson, John .Paridise in sole Paradisus Terristis. London: 1629. rpt Dover Press, 1976.

Parkinson, John .Parkinson's Herbal, during the Reign of Charles I. 1692.

Pichon, Baron Jérôme Le Menagier de Paris: Traité morale et déconomie domestique composé vers 1393 par un bourgeois Parisien. 2 vols. 1846. Reprint Geneva: Slatkin, 1966.

Pichon, Baron Jérôme The Goodman of Paris (Le Menagier de Paris), A Treatise on Moral and Domestic Economy by a Citizen of Paris, ca. 1393, Eileen Power, trans., and notes, London: Routledge, 1928.

Bayard, Tania A Medieval home Companion Housekeeping in the Fourteenth Century. (Le Menagier de Paris) Tania Bayard, trans., London, 1991.

Placitus, Sextus "Medicina de quadrupedibus of Sextus Placitus" in Leechdoms, Wortcunning, and Starcraft of Early England, Being a Collection of Documents…illustrating the history of science in this country before the Norman conquest. Vol I. collected and ed. by Oswald Cockayne, London, Rolls series 35, 1864.

Plat, Sir Hugh .Delights for Ladies. 1594 & 1602.

Pliny the Elder .Natural History. Loeb Classical Library.

Pontano, Giovanni .??. 16th cent.

Ram, William. .Ram's Little Dodoen. London: 1606. Abbreviation of Rembert Dodoens's .Herbal. London: G. Dewes 1578]

Rufinus The Herbal of Rufinus, thirteenth century, Chicago, Illinois, University of Chicago Press, 1945.

Turner, William .Libellus de herbaria novus. London 1538. rpt. Benjamihn Daydon Jackson,1877.

Turner, William .Names of Herbs. London , John Day, 1548. rpt. Englisdh Dialect Society, 1881

Turner, William .Theatrum Botanicum. London: 1640.

Turner, William Herbal. London, 1551, 1568.

Tusser, Thomas .A Hundred Points of Good Husbandrie. London 1557. expanded as .Five Hundred Points of Good Husbandrie. London 1571, 1573.

Walahfied-Strabo [807-849] .De Cultura Hortorum, of the little garden; a ninth century poem by Walahfied-Strabo. trans Richard Stanton Lambert, Wembley Hill, Stanton Press 1924. Raef Pay Pittsburgh The Hunt Botanical Linrary, 1966.

Walahfrid Strabo, Hortulus, Raef Payne, trans., commentary by Wilfrid Blunt, The Hunt Botanical Library, Pittsburgh, 1966.

Medieval Garden Literature:

Contemporary Accounts and Descriptions

Anonymous .The Beastiary: A Book of Beasts. 12 cent., Trans. T. H. White, New York, NY: Putnam and Sons 1960. rpt Dover Press.

Boccaccio, Giovanni The Decameron, Mark Muse & Peter Bondanella, ed. and trans., New York, 1977.

Chaucer, Geoffery "Canterbury Tales" in The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer, F. N. Robinson, ed., Oxford, 1957.

Chaucer, Geoffery "Romance of the Rose" in The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer, F. N. Robinson, ed., Oxford, 1957.

Colonna, Francesco, Hypnerotomachia Poliphili, Venice, 1499 tr. R. D. 1592, 1946.

Guillaume de Lorris and Jean de Meun, Le Roman de la Rose, E. Langlois, ed., Paris, 1920.

The Pearl, E. V. Gordon, J. R. R. Tolkein ed., Oxford, 1953.

Secondary material on agricultural practices:

General Reference

Bond, J. Observations on Popular Antiquites Chiefly Illustrateding the Origin of our Vulgar Customs etc. London 1849.

Colvin, H. M., The History of the King's Works, Ministery of Public Building, London, 1963.

Farrar, Clarissa P. and Austin P. Evans .Bibliography of English Translations from Medieval Sources, New York, NY: Columbia University Press 1946.

Kelso, Ruth The Doctrine of the English Gentleman in the Sixteenth Century.Urbana; University of Illinois Press. 1929.

Pollard, A. W. and Redgrave G. R. .A Short Title Catalog of Books printed England, Scotland and Ireland, and of English Books Printed Abroad, 1475-1640. London, Bibliographical Society 1926, Enlarged 2nd. ed. 1976.

Wing, D. C. .A Short Title Catalog of Books printed England, General Scotland and Ireland, English Books Abroad 1641-1700. 1945-51. revised 2nd. ed. 2 Vol., 1972-82. This is a continuation of the work by Pollard and Redgrave.

Art and Literature

Favis, Roberta Smith, The Garden of Love in Fifteenth Century Netherlandish and German Engravings: Some Studies in Secular Iconography in the Late Middle Ages and Early Renaissance, dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, 1974.

Fleming, John V. "The Garden of the Roman de la Rose: Vision of Landscape on Landscape Vision" in Medieval Gardens: Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium on the History of Landscape Architecture (9th), ed. MacDougall, Elizabeth B. Washington D. C. 1986. 1986.199-234

Stokstad, Marilyn "The Garden in Art" in Medieval Gardens: Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium on the History of Landscape Architecture (9th), ed. MacDougall, Elizabeth B. Washington D. C. 1986. 175-185.

------- "The Garden in Medieval Art" in Gardens of the Middle Ages.ed. Stokstad, Marilyn, 1929- and Jerry Stannard Lawrence KS: University of Kansas Printing Service, 1983. 18-33.

Stannard, Jerry "Medieval Gardens and their Plants" in Gardens of the Middle Ages. ed. Stokstad, Marilyn, 1929- and Jerry Stannard Lawrence KS: University of Kansas Printing Service, 1983. 36-69.

Van Buren, Anne Hagopian "Reality and Literary Romance in the park of Hesdin" in Medieval Gardens: Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium on the History of Landscape Architecture (9th), ed. MacDougall, Elizabeth B. Washington D. C. 1986. 1986.115-134.

Garden History: Symbolism

Daley, Brian E. "The "Closed Garden" and the Sealed Fountain": Song of Songs 4:12 in the Late Medieval Iconography of Mary" in Medieval Gardens: Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium on the History of Landscape Architecture (9th), ed. MacDougall, Elizabeth B. Washington D. C. 1986. 1986. 253-278 .

Pearsall, Derek "Gardens as Symbols and Setting in Late Medieval Poetry" in Medieval Gardens: Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium on the History of Landscape Architecture (9th), ed. MacDougall, Elizabeth B. Washington D. C. 1986. 1986. 253-251.

Wilkins, Eithne, The Rose Garden Game. The Symbolic Background to the European prayer beads, London, 1969.

Fleming, John V., The Roman de la Rose: A study in Allegory and Iconography, Princeton, New Jersey, 1969.

Garden History: General

"Old Practice of Gardening" Retrospective Review, 18 (1853-54) 40.

Amherst, Alicia, A History of Gardening in England, London, 1895. rpt Singing Tree Press, Detroit, Press 1969.

Barr, A. E. "Old and New Flowers" Leisure Hour, 35(1886) 680-684.

Barrington, Dianes "Progress of Gardning" Archaeologia, 7(1785) 113-130.

Clarkson, Rosetta Garden Enchantment. New York, NY: Dover Press, 1972.

Cox, E. H. M., A History of Gardening in Scotland, London, 1935.

Fairbrother, Nan .Men and Gardens. New York, NY: Alfred A. Knoph, 1956.

Freeman, Margaret B., The Unicorn Tapestries, New York, 1976.

Garland, Sarah The Herb Garden. New York, NY: Viking Press, 1984.

Gothein, Marie Louise, A History of Garden Art, E. P. Wright, ed., (German ed., 1913-14) Mrs. Archer-Hind, trans., London, 1928.

Goody, Jack The Culture of Flowers 1993.

H. E. "Famous English Gardens" Leisure Hour, 35(1886) 405-409.

Hadfield, Miles A History of British Gardening, [Gardening in Britian bibliography].

Harris, John, ed. The Garden: A Celebration of One Thousand Years of British Gardening, exhibition catalogue, Victoria and Albert Museum, London,1979.

Harvey, John Hooper .,Early Nurserymen, London, and Chichester, 1974; .

Henrey, Blanch British Botanical and Horticultural literature before 1800. London 1975.

Holme, Bryan The Enchanted Garden: Images of Delight. Oxford University Press, 1982.

Husband, Timothy B. and Jane Hayward, The Secular Spirit: Life and Art at the End of the Middle Ages, exhibition catalogue, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1975.

Hyams, Edward The English Garden. New York, NY: Harry N. Abrams, 1964.

Jellicoe, Geoffrey and Susan , Patrick Goode and Michael Lancaster, editors The Oxford Companion to Gardens . Oxford University Press, 1986, 1991.

Kern, Hermann, Labirinti, 3rd ed., revised and enlarged, Milan, 1981.

King, Ronald .The Quest for Paradise: A History of the Worlds Gardens. New York, NY: Mayflower Books, 1979.

Lenox, Astor and Tilden Foundations "Planning and Planting Your Garden" Bulletin of The New York, Public Libray 54, 5 (May 1950) 211-222.

Paul (Mrs. ) "Old Fashioned Gardining" 19th Century, 7(1880) 128.

Pearsall, Derek and Elizabeth Salter, . The Garden of Eden: The Botanic Garden and the Re-Creation of Paradise, 1981.

Rapp, Anna, Der Jungbrunnen in Literatur und bildender Kunst des Mittelalters, Zurich, 1976.

Robinson, E. Kay "Kitchen's Old & New Gardens" Gentleman's Magazine, NS 31 (Dec. 1883) 521-521.

Royal Horticultural Society .Dictionary of Gardening. [Lists plants introduction dates when known].4 vols.

Scott, James and Anne Osbert Lancaster .The Pleasure Garden. London John Murry, 1977.

Slade, Daniel Denison "The Gardens of the Early New England" Garden and Forest a Journal of Horticulture and Landscape and Forestry, 7(1894) 282-283.

Sparre;-Bayly, J. A. "Some Old Gardens" Antiquary A Magazine Devoted to the Past, NS 22(1890)106-109.

Strong, Roy, A Celebration of Gardens. Timber Press, Portland Oregon, 1991.

Thacker, Christopher .The History of Gardens. University of Califorinia Press, Berkeley, CA: 1979.

"The Cloister" Gesta, Vol. XII, 1973.

Wadell, Maj-Brit, Fons pietatis, Goteborg, 1969.

Verey, Rosemary The Sented Garden. New York, NY: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1981.

Modern Herbals

Blunt Wilfrid and Sandra Raphael The Illustrated Herbal. London: Thames and Hudson 1979.

Grive, M. A Modern Herbal. New York, NY: Harcourt, Brace and World, 1931. Reprinterd Dover Press 1982. [she is interesting, but dose not site her sources, no bibliography.].

Huson, Paul .Mastering Herbalism. New York, NY: Stein and Day 1975.

Kowalchik, Claire and William H. Hylton eds. Rodale's Illustrateed Encyclopedia of Herbs Emmsaus, Pensylvania: Rodale Press, 1987.

Lust, John The Herb Book. New York, NY: Bantam, 1980.

Meyer, Joseph E. The Herbalist. Glenwood, Illinois: Meyerbooks, 1979. [No bibliography].

Rose, Jeanne. Herbs and Things Jeanne Rose's Herbal. New York, NY: Grosset and Dunlap/Workman Publishing Co. 1972.

Garden History: Medieval

A Medieval Flower Garden. Chronicle Books, San Francisco, CA, 1994.

Bayard, Tania Sweet Herbs and Sundry Flowers: Medieval Gardens and the Gardens of the Cloisters. New York, NY: 1985.

Crisp, Frank, Mediaeval Gardens. "Flowery Medes" and Other Arrangements of Herbs, Flowers and Shrubs Grown in the Middle Ages, with Some Account of Tudor, Elizabethan and Stuart Gardens, ed. Catherine Childs Paterson, two volumes, London, 1924. Reprint New York, NY: Hacker Art Books 1966.

Harvey, John Hooper. .Medieval Gardens. Portland OR, Timber Press, London, 1981.

Harvey, John Hooper "Gardening in the Age of Chaucer" Symposium Plants and People ad 800-1800, Botanical Journal of Scotland 46 pt 4 564-573.

Jellicoe, Geoffrey , Patrick Goode and Michael Lancaster, editors . A Literary Study in Landscapes and Seasons of the Medieval World, 1973.

Kemp-Welch, Alice "Medieaeval Gardens" Monthly Review 19;3 (1905)46-57.

MacDougall, Elizabeth B. ed. .Medieval Gardens: Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium on the History of Landscape Architecture (9th), Washington D. C. 1986.

Pearsall, Derek and Elizabeth Salter, Landscapes and Seasons of the Medieval World, Toronto and Buffalo, 1973.

Landsberg, Sylvia The Medieval Garden. London: Thames and Hudson, 1996.

Scott, Tim and Kevin Crossley-Holand .Medieval Gardens. New York, NY: Rizzoli International Pub Inc. 1990. [A book of Days].

Stokstad, Marilyn, 1929- and Jerry Stannard Gardens of the Middle Ages. Lawrence KS: University of Kansas Printing Service, 1983.

Whiteman, Robin Brother Cadfael's Herb Garden: An Illustrated Companion to Medieval Plants and their uses. Boston: Little Brown and Company, 1997. Modern plants shown quotes Culpeper 1652, and Gerarde 1597, for plant information.

Design

Calkins, Robert G. "Piero de' Crescenzi and the Medieval Garden" in Medieval Gardens: Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium on the History of Landscape Architecture (9th), ed. MacDougall, Elizabeth B. Washington D. C. 1986. 1986. 155-173

Domanosch, Barbara .Theam Gardens. New York, NY: Workman Publicartions. 1982.

Harvey, John Hooper "The Squaire Garden of Henry the Poet" Garden History 15:1(1987)1-11.

Jablonski, Romona The Medieval Garden Design Book. Steemmer House Oings Mills MD, 1982.

Verey, Rosemary Classic Garden Design: How to adapt and recreate garden features of the Past. Cogdon and weed 1984. New York, NY: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1981.

Re-creation/Restoration

Brown, A. E. ed. Garden Archaeology Council for British Archaeology, Research Report no 78. 1991.

Harvey, John Hooper Restoring Period Gardens Shire Publications Ltd. Aylesbury, 1993 2nd ed.

Landsberg, Sylvia "The Re-Creation of Small Period Gardens for Museums and Public Spaces in Britain" Museum Management and Curatorship 14:4(1995)

Landsberg, Sylvia "Bayleaf- a Medieval yeomans's garden" The Garden 121:6.(1996)

Taylor, Christopher Archaeology of Gardens Shire Publications Ltd. Aylesbury,

Plants

Harvey, John Hooper "Garden Plants of around 1525 the Fromond List" Garden History 17:2(1989)122-134.

Harvey, John Hooper "Vegtables in the Middle Ages" Garden History 12:2(1984)91-99.

Types of Gardens:

Moated

Curry, C. K. "St. Cross A medieval Moated Garden?" Hampshire Gardens Trust Journal 11(1992)19-22.

Parks

Cantor, L. The Medieval Parks of England- A Gazetteer, University of Loughborough, 1983.

Kitchen.

Leach, Helen M. "Kitchen garden" in , The Oxford Companion to Gardens . Geoffrey and Susan Jellicoe, Patrick Goode and Michael Lancaster, editors 1991. pp.314-3`15.

Woodbridge, Kenneth "Villandry" in , The Oxford Companion to Gardens . Geoffrey and Susan Jellicoe, Patrick Goode and Michael Lancaster, editors 1991. pp.589.

Medicinal

Dawson, W. R. A Leechbook or Collection of Medical Recipes of the Fourteenth Century Macmillan & co, 1934.

Givens, Jean "The Garden outside the Walls: Plant forms in Thirteenth-Century English Sculpture" in Medieval Gardens: Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium on the History of Landscape Architecture (9th), ed. MacDougall, Elizabeth B. Washington D. C. 1986. 1986. 187-198.

Keil, Gundolf "Hortus Sanitatis, Gart der Gesundheit, Gaerde der Sunthede" in Medieval Gardens: Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium on the History of Landscape Architecture (9th), ed. MacDougall, Elizabeth B. Washington D. C. 1986. 1986.55-68

Opsmer-Halleux, Carmélia "The Medieval Garden and its Role in Medicine" in Medieval Gardens: Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium on the History of Landscape Architecture (9th), ed. MacDougall, Elizabeth B. Washington D. C. 1986. 1986.93-113.

Stannard, Jerry "Alimentary and Medicinal Uses of Plants" in Medieval Gardens: Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium on the History of Landscape Architecture (9th), ed. MacDougall, Elizabeth B. Washington D. C. 1986. 1986.69-91

Strehlow, Wighard and Gottfied Hertzka .Hildegard of Bingen's Medicine. Bear & Co. Sante Fe, NM 1987.

Voigts, Linda "Anglo-Saxon Plant Remedies and the Anglo-Saxons," Isis 70(1979).

Cloister/Monastic

Braunfels, W. Monistaries of Western Europe, Thames and Hudson: London, 1972.

Harvey, John Hooper "Westminster Abbey: The Infirmarer's Garden" Garden History 20:2(1992)1-97.

Meyvaert, Paul "The Medieval Monastic Garden" in Medieval Gardens: Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium on the History of Landscape Architecture (9th), ed. MacDougall, Elizabeth B. Washington D. C. 1986. 1986.23-53

Peplow, E and R. In a Monistary Garden David and Charles:London 1988.

Sörrensen, Wolfgang "Gärten und Pflanzen im Klosterplan" Mitteilungen zur vaterländischen Geschichte, 42(1962).

Coppack, G. Abbeys and Priories. Batsford English Heritage, London, 1990.

Love/Pleasence

Harvey, John Hooper "Pleasance" in , The Oxford Companion to Gardens . Geoffrey and Susan Jellicoe, Patrick Goode and Michael Lancaster, editors 1991. pp.438-441.

Coke, David "Pleasure-garden" in , The Oxford Companion to Gardens . Geoffrey and Susan Jellicoe, Patrick Goode and Michael Lancaster, editors 1991. pp.441-443.

Special Features

Fisheris/Fishponds

Ashton, M. ed., Medieval Fisheries and Fishponds in England B. A. R. British Series 182, (i), (ii), Oxford, 1988.

Curry, C. K. "Hamphire Medieval Fishponds" in Ashton, M. Medieval Fisheries and Fishponds in England B. A. R. British Series 182, (i), (ii), Oxford, 1988.

Curry, C. K. "Fishponds as Garden Features. 1550-1750" Garden History 18:1(1990)22-46.

Fountians

Miller, Naomi "Paradise Regained: Medieval Garden Fountains" in Medieval Gardens: Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium on the History of Landscape Architecture (9th), ed. MacDougall, Elizabeth B. Washington D. C. 1986. 1986.135-153.

Ceramics

Moorehouse, S. A. "Ceramics in the Medieval Garden" in Garden Archaeology ed. Brown, A. E. Council for British Archaeology, Research Report no 78. 1991, 100.

Turf Seats

Paul, M "Turf Seats in French Gardens of the Middle Ages" The Journal of Garden History 5:1(1985)3-14.

English

Colvin, Howard, M. "Royal Gardens in Medieval England" in Medieval Gardens: Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium on the History of Landscape Architecture (9th), ed. MacDougall, Elizabeth B. Washington D. C. 1986. 1986.7-22.

Crommelin, May "Early English Gardens" London Society, 55(1889) 591-607.

MacLean, Teresa Medieval English Gardens. New York, NY: Viking Press 1980.

Steane, J. M., "The Medieval Parks of Northamptonshire," Northamptonshire Past and Present, V: 3, 1975, 211-233.

French

Harvey, John Hooper "Carolingian " in , The Oxford Companion to Gardens . Geoffrey and Susan Jellicoe, Patrick Goode and Michael Lancaster, editors 1991. pp.93-94.

German

Hennebo, Dieter and Alfred Hoffman, Geschichte der deutschen Gartenkunst, Vol. I, Garten des Mittelalters, Hamburg, 1962.

Lowenstein, D., Der Deutsche Garten des Mittelalters, dissertation, Gottingen,.1900.

Horn, Walter and Ernest Born, The Plan of St. Gall, 3 vols., Berkeley, California, 1979.

Italian

Masson, Georgina, Italian Gardens, London, 1961.

Spanish

Nichols, Rose Standish Spanish and Portugese Gardens. New York, NY: Houghton Mifflin, 1924.

See also: Islamic Gardens.

Renaissance

Comito, Terry, 1935- The Idea of the Garden in the Renaissance. New York, NY: 1977 .

English

Amherst, Alice "A Fifteenth Century Treatise on Gardening" Archaeologia, 54(1844)156-172.

"Elizabeathen Gardening" Frazer's Magazine of Town and Country, 70(1864) 179.

Strong, Roy, The Renaissance Garden in England, London, Thames and Hudson 1979.

French

Miller, Naomi, French Renaissance Fountains, dissertation, 1966, Garland edition, New York, 1977.

German

Cohn, F. "Sixteenth Century Garden" Chautaquan, 11(1840)576-580.

Italian

Goode, Patirck "Medici " in , The Oxford Companion to Gardens . Geoffrey and Susan Jellicoe, Patrick Goode and Michael Lancaster, editors 1991. pp.361.

Goode, Patirck and Geoffrey Jellicoe "Medici Villa" in , The Oxford Companion to Gardens . Geoffrey and Susan Jellicoe, Patrick Goode and Michael Lancaster, editors 1991. pp.362 Castello, Florence, Italy.

Jellicoe, Geoffrey "Medici Villa" in , The Oxford Companion to Gardens . Geoffrey and Susan Jellicoe, Patrick Goode and Michael Lancaster, editors 1991. pp.362 Fuesol near Florence, Italy.

Special Features:

Mazes and Labyrinths

Goode, Patirck and Geoffrey Jellicoe "Mazes, Labyrinths" in , The Oxford Companion to Gardens . Geoffrey and Susan Jellicoe, Patrick Goode and Michael Lancaster, editors 1991. pp.360-362 .

Matthews, W. H., Mazes and Labyrinths, London and New York, 1922. Reprint Dover Press.

Fountains

McDougall, Elizabeth "Fon s Sapientiae " in Renauissance Garden Fountains Washington 1978.

Miller, Naomi, French Renaissance Fountains, dissertation, 1966, Garland edition, New York, 1977.

Historical and Literary Sources for a Study of Renaissance Gardens

Anderson, Heather Jerrim, The Terrestrial Paradise: A Study in the "Inter. mediacy" and Multilevelled Nature of the Medieval Garden of Eden, dissertation, Uiniversity of New York at Buffalo, 1973.

Armstrong, John, The Paradise Myth, London, 1969.

Comito, Terry, The Idea of the Garden in the Renaissance, New Brunswick, New Jersey, 1978.

Curtius, E. R., European Literature and the Latin Middle Ages, Bern, 1948, trans. W. R. Trask, New York, 1953.

Giamatti, A. Bartlett, The Earthly Paradise and the Renaissance Epic, Princeton, New Jersey, 1966.

Pearsall, Derek and Elizabeth Salter, Landscapes and Seasons of the Medieval World, Toronto and Buffalo, 1973.

Smith, Thomas, The Garden Image in Medieval Literature, dissertation, University of Connecticut, 1967.

Tuve, Rosemond, Seasons and Months: Studies in a Tradition of Middle English Poetry, Paris, 1933.

Watson, Paul F., The Garden of Love in Tuscan Art of the Early Renaissance, Philadelphia, 1979.

Related Studies:

Ancient Gardens

Jashemski, Wilhelmina and Elisabeth MacDougall, eds.Ancient Roman Gardens : Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium on the History of Landscape Architecture, Vol. VII, , Washington, D.C., 1981.

Byzantine Gardens

Littlewood, A. R. "Byzantium " in , The Oxford Companion to Gardens . Geoffrey and Susan Jellicoe, Patrick Goode and Michael Lancaster, editors 1991. pp.86-87.

--- 'Romantic Pqaridices: the Role of the Garden in the Byzantine Romance" in Bysantine and Modern Greek Studies vol. 5 (1979) pp. 95-114.

Schissel, O. 'Der byzantianiscye Garten' Akademie der Wissenchaftedn in Wien. Phil.-hist Klasse, Sitzungsberichte, 1942, (221.2) Vienna.

Islamic Gardens

Dickie, James, "The Hispano-Arab Garden: Its Philosophy and Function," Bulletin, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, Vol. XXI, part 2,1968, 237-248.

--- "The Islamic Garden," in Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium on the History of Landscape Architecture, Vol. IV, The Islamic Gardens, Washington, D.C., 1981.

Jashemski, Wilhelmina and Elisabeth MacDougall, eds., Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium on the History of Landscape Architecture, Vol. IV, The Islamic Gardens, Washington, D.C., 1981.

Tabbana, J. G. "Towards an Interpretation of the Use of Water in Islamic Courtyards" The Journal of Garden History 7:3(1987)197-220.

Wilber, Donald, Persian Gardens and Garden Pavilions, Washington, D.C., 1962, second edition, 1979.

The Garden in the Arts of Islam, Art Museum, South Hadley, exhibition catalogue, Mount Holyoke College Massachusetts, 1980.

Periodicals

The Journal of Garden History

Garden History.